2-4-1b:  A referee shall stop play when any player gains an illegal advantage by contacting any team member while playing the ball.  RATIONALE:  Clarifies that no team member may assist a player during an attempt to play the ball.

NEW 5-5-3b(10):  The second referee has the responsibility to ensure that the head coach remains in the replacement zone no closer than 6 feet to the sideline, when standing during play.  RATIONALE:  Supports the second referee's responsibilities as outlined in the Officials Manual.

5-5-3b(13), 5-5-3b (20), 5-8-3a NOTE:  When multiple courts are in use, the second referee may end a time-out or interval between sets with a long whistle in place of the timer sounding an audio signal (horn).   RATIONALE:  Clarifies time and second referee responsibilities during time-outs/intervals when multiple courts are in use.

NEW 9-8-2 Exception, 11-4-1-b:  When a replay is signaled due to an injury/illness and the injured/ill player cannot continue play, the head coach may request a substitute or complete a legal libero replacement for the injured/ill player or take a team time-out(s) if the team has remaining time-outs. RATIONALE: Clarifies the procedures for a replay due to an injured/ill player and adds the option of a legal libero replacement. 

10-2 Penalties 2:  After a team is charged with an unnecessary delay, the coach may request no further substitutions until the next completed rally.  RATIONALE:  Eliminates further delay of the set by removing the option to request additional substitutions after a team is charged with an unnecessary delay.

NEW 11-5-3:  Between sets, team may warm up in their playing area, but may not hit volleyballs over the net into the opponents playing area.  RATIONALE:  Establishes parameters for warming up between sets that minimize the risk of injury.

Signal #21:  To signal unneccessary delay, raise the hand on the side of the offending team beside head, palm facing shoulder, hold the appropriate card on the wrist of the raised hand.  RATIONALE:  Simplifies mechanics for unnecessary delay signal and clarifies side at fault.


1-5-2c (NEW), 1-7-2 thru 4:  Provides consistency by listing all reasons why a match shall be declared a forfeit and clarifies that a forfeit is considered a terminiation of a match and not a suspension.

5-4-1c:  Clarifies that the inspection of net antennas is a prematch responsibility of the first referee.

5-5-3b(13 & (20):  Clarifies that the second referee shall use a double whistle to indicate the warning during a time-out and when an intermission is used.

6-4-5 NOTE (NEW):  Clarifies that when a team is playing with fewer than six players, the vacant position remains open when rotating to the front row.


2-1-4, 5-2-1b, 5-4-4d(1) & (4), 10-4-3c, 12-2 Procedures for Unsporting Conduct Violations 4 and 5, How to Use the Signals #20

2018-19 Volleyball Points of Emphasis

Safety of Referee Stands

Warm-Up Safety

Treatment of Line Judges

Net Fault Signal Mechanics